An agreement is reached in Paris, December 2015.

An agreement is reached in Paris, December 2015.

International environmental agreements

These are treaties that are negotiated and implemented to supply collective action. Below are my papers that address this topic in a general way. On other pages you will find my papers concerning particular environmental issues such as  like climate change.


with Astrid Dannenberg, “Tipping versus Cooperating to Supply a Public Good,“ Journal of the European Economics Association, 15(4): 910-941, 2017.

“Coordination vs. Voluntarism and Enforcement in Sustaining International Environmental Cooperation,“ Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(51): 14515-14522, 2016.

“Comment on 'Equity, Heterogeneity and International Environmental Agreements,“ B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, 2010. 

“An Economic Theory of International Environmental Law,” in D. Bodansky, J. Brunnée, and Ellen Hey (eds.), Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 231-261, 2007.

“The Theory of International Environmental Agreements,” in K.-G. Mäler and J. Vincent (eds.), Handbook of Environmental Economics, Vol. 3, Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 1457-1516, 2005.

“Consensus Treaties,” Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics158 (4): 529-547, December 2002.

“The Strategy of Treaty Negotiation: ‘Broad but Shallow’ versus ‘Narrow but Deep,’” in P. Dasgupta, B. Kristrom, and K-G. Löfgren (eds.), Economic Theory for the Environment, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2002, pp. 26-40. 

“International Cooperation for Sale,” European Economic Review45(10): 1835-1850, 2001. Reprinted in C. Carraro (ed.), Governing the Global Environment, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, pp.  135-150, 2003.

“International Environmental Agreements: Feasibility, Efficiency, Stability,” in H. Siebert (ed.), The Economics of International Environmental Problems, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, pp. 111-124, 2000.

“International Cooperation and the International Commons,” Duke Environmental Law and Policy Forum, 10 (1): 131-145, 1999.

"A Theory of Full International Cooperation," Journal of Theoretical Politics11: 519-41, 1999. Reprinted in J. Trachtman (ed.), International Law and Politics, Aldershot: Ashgate, forthcoming 2008.

"The Credibility of Trade Sanctions in International Environmental Agreements," in P. Fredriksson (ed.), Trade, Global Policy, and the Environment, World Bank Discussion Paper No. 402, pp. 161-172, 1999.

"On the Theory and Diplomacy of Environmental Treaty-Making," Environmental and Resource Economics11: 317-33, 1998.

"Toward a Theory of International Environmental Cooperation," in C. Carraro and D. Siniscalco (eds.), New Directions in the Economic Theory of the Environment, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. 239-280. Reprinted in C. Carraro (ed.), Governing the Global Environment, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 294-335, 2003.

"Heterogeneous International Environmental Agreements," in C. Carraro (ed.), International Environmental Negotiations, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1997, pp. 9-25.

"Building Property Rights for Transboundary Resources," in S. Hanna, C. Folke, and K.-G. Mäler (eds.), Rights to Nature, Washington, DC: Island Press, 1996, pp. 265-284.

"Cooperation and Competition in International Environmental Protection," in E. Bacha, Economics in a Changing World, Volume 4: Development, Trade and the Environment, Proceedings of the Tenth World Congress of the International Economics Association, Moscow, London: Macmillan, 1994, pp. 34-47.

"Self-Enforcing International Environmental Agreements," Oxford Economic Papers,46: 878-894, 1994; reprinted in A.A. Batabyal (ed.), The Economics of International Environmental Agreements, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 1999; reprinted in C. Carraro (ed.), Governing the Global Environment, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 199-215, 2003; reprinted in M. Hoel (ed.), Recent Developments in Environmental Economics, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2004.

"Conflict and Cooperation in Managing International Water Resources," World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 0-860.

"International Environmental Agreements as Games," in R. Pethig (ed.), Conflicts and Cooperation in Managing Environmental Resources, Springer-Verlag, 1992, pp. 11-35. 

"The Problem of Global Environmental Protection," Oxford Review of Economic Policy6: 68-79, 1990; reprinted in D. Helm (ed.), Economic Policy Towards the Environment, Oxford: Blackwell, 1991, 137-155; reprinted in R. Dorfman and N. Dorfman (eds.), The Economics of the Environment, 3rd ed., New York: W.W. Norton & Co, 1993, 445-463; reprinted in T. Jenkinson (ed.), Readings in Microeconomics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996, pp. 131-140; reprinted in T. Tietenberg (ed.), The Economics of Global Warming, Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1996; reprinted in A. Batabyal (ed.), The Economics of International Environmental Agreements, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 1999; reprinted in P.M. Haas, Environment in the New Global Economy, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2003.